Umm el Qanatir

Umm el Kanaatir

 Jewish

Geographic Details

Golan

32.850037740011096     35.737924575805664     Open the map in a new window

More Geographic Info: www.latlong.net/c/?lat=32.850037740011096&long=35.737924575805664

Archaeological Evidences

Late Roman and/or Byzantnine

Henrich Kohl and Carl Watzinger (1906), Chaim Ben David, Ilana Gonen and Yehoshua Dray (2003-2015)

Most of the building stones in situ, major stone ornament fragments of the Torah Shrine were found and rebuilt

Aramaic - mentioning personal name

active excavation, major part of the building was rebuilt, major stone ornament fragments of the Torah Shrine were rebuilt.

Selected Bibliography
  1. Dray, Y. , Gonen, I. and Ben David, C. "The Synagogue of Umm el Qanatir-preliminary report" Israel Exploration Journal 67,2, Jerusalem, 2017: 209-231.
  2. Ben David, C. "Um el-Kanatir Putting Humpty Dumpty Together Again" BAR July August, 2016: 40-49.
  3. Ben David, C. , Gonen, I. and Dray, "Umm el-Qanatir -the first excavation Season" Qadmoniot 132, 2006: 110-120, (Hebrew).
  4. Dray, Y. , Gonen, I. and Ben Dvid, "The Technical aspects of Umm el-Qanatir excavation" Michmanim 20, 2007: 61-66; 24*, (Hebrew; English abstract).
  5. Kohl, H. and Watzinger, C. Antike Synagogen in Galilaea. Leipzig, 1916: 125-134.
  6. Singer, S. F. "Rising again : hi-tech tools reconstruct Umm el-Kanatir" Biblical Archaeology Review 33;6, 2007: 52-60; 86.
Photos, Plans and Links

General view looking south - Gilead Peli all rights reserved © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

General view looking south - Gilead Peli all rights reserved

Aerial photo, courtesy of Abraham Graicer all rights reserved to Abraham Graicer  © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Aerial photo, courtesy of Abraham Graicer all rights reserved to Abraham Graicer

Aerial photo, courtesy of Abraham Graicer all rights reserved to Abraham Graicer  © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Aerial photo, courtesy of Abraham Graicer all rights reserved to Abraham Graicer

Aerial photo, courtesy of Abraham Graicer all rights reserved to Abraham Graicer  © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Aerial photo, courtesy of Abraham Graicer all rights reserved to Abraham Graicer

Southern entrance - Gilead Peli all rights reserved © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Southern entrance - Gilead Peli all rights reserved

Kohl and Watzinger 1916:128 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Column and Capital From The Entrance Hall | Kohl and Watzinger 1916:128

Kohl and Watzinger 1916:131 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Pillar Base Insitu and Secondary Construction beside the Pillar 1905 | Kohl and Watzinger 1916:131

Maoz 1995: plate 77 fig. 1, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

The Synagogue Ruins and the Main Entrance Doorpost in 1932- Looking South | Maoz 1995: plate 77 fig. 1, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Maoz 1995: plate 77 fig. 2, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

The fountain House Dome in 1932- Looking East | Maoz 1995: plate 77 fig. 2, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Maoz 1995: plate 80 fig. 1, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Façade's Main Entrance in 1932- Looking North | Maoz 1995: plate 80 fig. 1, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Maoz 1995: plate 81 fig. 2-3, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Two Ornamented Keystone Insitu | Maoz 1995: plate 81 fig. 2-3, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Maoz 1995: plate 82 fig. 1, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Ornamented Keystone | Maoz 1995: plate 82 fig. 1, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Maoz 1995: plate 82 fig. 3, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Architectural Items in front of Main Entrance in 1982- Looking South-East | Maoz 1995: plate 82 fig. 3, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Maoz 1995: plate 83 fig. 2, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Half Round Stone | Maoz 1995: plate 83 fig. 2, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Maoz 1995: plate 83 fig. 3-5, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Window Thersholds | Maoz 1995: plate 83 fig. 3-5, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Maoz 1995: plate 84 fig. 1, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Building Stone with Eagle Relief | Maoz 1995: plate 84 fig. 1, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Maoz 1995: plate 84 fig. 2, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

The Eagle Relief | Maoz 1995: plate 84 fig. 2, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Maoz 1995: plate 84 fig. 6, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Building Stone with Lion Relief | Maoz 1995: plate 84 fig. 6, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Maoz 1995: plate 86 fig. 1, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Doric Capital | Maoz 1995: plate 86 fig. 1, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Maoz 1995: plate 87 fig. 1, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Pilaster Part in Secondary Use | Maoz 1995: plate 87 fig. 1, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Maoz 1995: plate 88 fig. 1, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Pilaster Base | Maoz 1995: plate 88 fig. 1, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Maoz 1995: plate 88 fig. 2, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Pilaster Base or Capital | Maoz 1995: plate 88 fig. 2, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Maoz 1995: plate 88 fig. 3, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

The Corner Cornice with Egg Ornaments | Maoz 1995: plate 88 fig. 3, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Maoz 1995: plate 88 fig. 4, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

The Corner Cornice with Egg Ornaments | Maoz 1995: plate 88 fig. 4, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Maoz 1995: plate 89 fig. 1, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Capital of a Small Column from the Holy Ark | Maoz 1995: plate 89 fig. 1, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Maoz 1995: plate 89 fig. 2, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

The Eagle Relief and the Holy Ark's Capital and Cornice in secondary Use-1968 | Maoz 1995: plate 89 fig. 2, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Maoz 1995: plate 90 fig. 2, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

The Lion's Head Fragment | Maoz 1995: plate 90 fig. 2, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Maoz 1995: plate 90 fig. 3, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Restoration of the Lion's Head and Legs | Maoz 1995: plate 90 fig. 3, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Maoz 1995: plate 90 fig. 4, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Lion's Legs Fragments | Maoz 1995: plate 90 fig. 4, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Maoz 1995: plate 91 fig. 1, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

The Holy Ark Cornice with Vine Twig and Birds Ornaments | Maoz 1995: plate 91 fig. 1, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Maoz 1995: plate 91 fig. 1, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

The Holy Ark Cornice with Vine Twig and Birds Ornaments | Maoz 1995: plate 91 fig. 1, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Field sketch and plan Kohl and Watzinger 1916 tafel xviii © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Field sketch and plan Kohl and Watzinger 1916 tafel xviii

Maoz 1995: plate 78, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Maoz 1995: plate 78, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

 Plan courtesy of Yehoshua Dray © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Plan courtesy of Yehoshua Dray

Kohl and Watzinger 1916:134 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Umm el Qanatir-Front's Reconstruction | Kohl and Watzinger 1916:134

Kohl and Watzinger 1916:128 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Entrance Hall Column with Calthus Capital- Sketch | Kohl and Watzinger 1916:128

Kohl and Watzinger 1916:129 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Lion Sculpture Fragment-Sketch | Kohl and Watzinger 1916:129

Kohl and Watzinger 1916:129 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Arch- by Shumacher | Kohl and Watzinger 1916:129

Kohl and Watzinger 1916:130 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Main Window- Sketch | Kohl and Watzinger 1916:130

Kohl and Watzinger 1916:129 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Arch fragment Above the Main Entrance-Sketch | Kohl and Watzinger 1916:129

Kohl and Watzinger 1916:133 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Base and Capital of the Pilaster | Kohl and Watzinger 1916:133

Kohl and Watzinger 1916:131 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Doric Capitals from the Top Floor | Kohl and Watzinger 1916:131

Kohl and Watzinger 1916:132 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Doric Capitals with Citron Ornaments from the Lower Floor | Kohl and Watzinger 1916:132

Kohl and Watzinger 1916:126 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

The Right Door's Doorpost (Mezuzah)-Section | Kohl and Watzinger 1916:126

Maoz 1995: plate 79 fig. 2, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Schematic Plan | Maoz 1995: plate 79 fig. 2, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Maoz 1995: plate 92 fig. 1, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

The Holy Ark Reconstruction | Maoz 1995: plate 92 fig. 1, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

Maoz 1995: plate 85 fig. 2, courtesy of Zvi Maoz © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Facade Reconstruction | Maoz 1995: plate 85 fig. 2, courtesy of Zvi Maoz

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