Religion: Jewish

Archaeological Evidences:

Period: Late Roman and/or Byzantine
Excavation: Excavated
Excavators: Jodi Magness (2011-present)
Main Finds: Highly decorative mosaic with depictions of Samson and other scenes. Aramaic inscription.
Inscriptions: Aramaic (Amit 2013)
Mosaics: Yes
Site Condition: Active excavation
Samson carrying the Gate of Gaza, courtesy of Judi Magness

Geographic Details

Geographical Region: Lower Galilee

Selected Bibliography:

Selected Bibliography
  1. Britt, K. and Boustan, R. "War and Peace in the Elephant Mosaic from Huqoq: Synagogue Art, Classical Historiography, and Roman Imperial Monuments" Mediterranean Studies 31 (2), 2023: 139–179.
  2. O'Connell, S. "Two Phases of the Polychrome Plaster of the Ḥuqoq Synagogue" in Pushing Sacred Boundaries in Early Judaism and the Ancient Mediterranean: Essays in Honor of Jodi Magness. ed. D. Mizzi, T. Rassalle and M. J. Grey, Leiden, Brill, 2023: 621-646.
  3. Magness, J. , Kisilevitz, S. and Mizzi, D. "The Ḥuqoq Synagogue Excavations: Report on the 2011–2018 Seasons" in Ancient Synagogues Revealed: 1981-2022. ed. L. I. Levine, Z. Weiss, U. Leibner, Jerusalem, Israel Exploration Society, 2023: 48-65.
  4. Mizzi, D. and Magness, J. "A Late Medieval Synagogue at Ḥuqoq/Yaquq in Galilee?" Levant: The Journal of the Council for British Research in the Levant 54(2), 2022: 257-276.
  5. Yoskovich, A. "The “Elephant Mosaic” Panel from the Huqoq Synagogue: Ehud Ben Gera in Jewish-Galilean Traditions" Journal for the Study of Judaism 52(2), 2021: 257-258.
  6. Magness, J. and Kisilevitz, S. "Ḥuqoq, Preliminary Report – 2019" Hadashot Arkheologiyot 132, 2020.
  7. Magness, J. "Huqoq - 2018" Hadashot Arkheologiyot Excavations and Surveys in Israel 131, 2019.
  8. Magness, J. and Kisilevitz, S. "Inside the Huqoq Synagogue" BARev 45, 2019: 24-38.
  9. Magness, J. , Kisilevitz, S. and Mizzi, D. and others "The Huqoq Excavation Project: 2014–2017 Interim Report" BASOR 380, 2018: 61-131.
  10. Erlich, E. "The patriarch and the emperor: the Elephant mosaic panel in the Huqoq synagogue reconsidered" Journal of Roman Archaeology 31, 2018: 542-559.


Plans and Drawings:



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