Capernaum

Kefar Nahum

Jewish

Geographic Details

Lower Galilee

32.881028796465884     35.57548463344574     Open the map in a new window

More Geographic Info: www.latlong.net/c/?lat=32.881028796465884&long=35.57548463344574

Archaeological Evidences

Late Roman and/or Byzantnine

Heinrich Kohl and Carl Watzinger (1905), Gaudence Orfali (1921-1926), Virgil Corbo and Stanisalo Loffreda (1969-1974)

Synagogue built of limestone on top of Basalt stones. Many ornamental architectural features were uncovered, including a seven-branched candelabra and a wagon bearing a shrine. Dating of the structure is debated by scholars.

Aramaic (Naveh 1978: 30-31), Greek (Roth-Gerson 1987: 87-90)

Tourist site. Entrance Fee 10₪.

Selected Bibliography
  1. Arslan, E.A. "The L812 trench deposit inside the synagogue and the isolated finds of coins in Capernaum; Israel" Israel Numismatic Research 6, 2011: 147-162.
  2. Arubas, B.Y. and Talgam, R. "Christians and 'Minim': Who Really Built and Used the Synagogue at Capernaum - A Stirring Appraisal" in Knowledge And Wisdom Archaeological and Historical Essays in Honour of Leah Di Segni. ed. G.C Bottini; D. Churpcala and J. Patrich., Milano, 2014: 237-274.
  3. Avi-Yonah, M. "Some Comments on the Capernaum Excavations" in Ancient Synagogues Revealed. ed. L.I. Levine, Jerusalem, 1981: 60-62.
  4. Foerster, G. "Notes on Recent Excavations at Capernaum" in Ancient Synagogues Revealed. ed. L.I. Levine, Jerusalem, 1981: 57-59.
  5. Kohl, H. and Watzinger, C. Antike Synagogen in Galilaea. Leipzig, 1916: 4-40.
  6. Loffreda, S. "The Late Chronology of the Synagogue of Capernaum" in Ancient Synagogues Revealed. ed. L.I. Levine, Jerusalem, 1981: 52-56.
  7. Magness, J. "The question of the synagogue : the problem of typology" in Judaism in Late Antiquity III; Where we Stand: issues and debates in Ancient Judaism. Vol. 4. The Special Problems of the Synagogue. ed. A.J. Avery-Peck and J. Neusner, Leiden, 2001: 1- 48.
  8. Maoz, Z.U. "The Synagogue at Capernaum: a Radical Solution." in The Roman and Byzantine Near East; Vol. 2: Some Recent Archaeological Research. ed. J.H. Humphrey, Journal of Roman Archeology suppl. series no.12, Rhode Island, 1999: 139-148.
Photos, Plans and Links

General view looking north - Gilead Peli all rights reserved © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

General view looking north - Gilead Peli all rights reserved

General view,  Gilead Peli all rights reserved © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

General view, Gilead Peli all rights reserved

Aerial photo, courtesy of Abraham Graicer all rights reserved to Abraham Graicer © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Aerial photo, courtesy of Abraham Graicer all rights reserved to Abraham Graicer

Aerial photo, courtesy of Abraham Graicer all rights reserved to Abraham Graicer  © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Aerial photo, courtesy of Abraham Graicer all rights reserved to Abraham Graicer

Aerial photo of the village , courtesy of Abraham Graicer all rights reserved to Abraham Graicer  © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Aerial photo of the village , courtesy of Abraham Graicer all rights reserved to Abraham Graicer

Aerial photo of the village, courtesy of Abraham Graicer all rights reserved to Abraham Graicer  © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Aerial photo of the village, courtesy of Abraham Graicer all rights reserved to Abraham Graicer

Aerial photo, courtesy of Abraham Graicer all rights reserved to Abraham Graicer  © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Aerial photo, courtesy of Abraham Graicer all rights reserved to Abraham Graicer

Aerial photo, courtesy of Abraham Graicer all rights reserved to Abraham Graicer  © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Aerial photo, courtesy of Abraham Graicer all rights reserved to Abraham Graicer

Kohl and Watzinger 1916: 232  © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Kohl and Watzinger 1916: 232

Kohl and Watiznger 1916: Tafel II © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Kohl and Watiznger 1916: Tafel II

General plan Arubas and Talgam 2014: 238, courtesy of Benny Arubas © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

General plan Arubas and Talgam 2014: 238, courtesy of Benny Arubas

Plan of the

Plan of the "sacred compound" Arubas and Talgam 2014: 264, courtesy of Benny Arubas

Elevation drawing - Arubas and Talgam 2014: 265, courtesy of Benny Arubas © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Elevation drawing - Arubas and Talgam 2014: 265, courtesy of Benny Arubas

Kohl and Watzinger 1916 Book Cover © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Kohl and Watzinger 1916 Book Cover

Kohl and Watzinger 1916:7 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Capernaum- West Side's Sketch | Kohl and Watzinger 1916:7

Kohl and Watzinger 1916:39 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Capernaum-North Side's Sketch | Kohl and Watzinger 1916:39

Kohl and Watzinger 1916:Tafel III © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Capernaum Front's Reconstruction | Kohl and Watzinger 1916:Tafel III

Kohl and Watzinger 1916:Tafel IV © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Capernaum- Southern Cross Section | Kohl and Watzinger 1916:Tafel IV

Kohl and Watzinger 1916:Tafel IV © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Capernaum- Northern Cross Section | Kohl and Watzinger 1916:Tafel IV

Kohl and Watzinger 1916:Tafel V © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Capernaum Model-Southeast View | Kohl and Watzinger 1916:Tafel V

Kohl and Watzinger 1916:Tafel VI © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>

Capernaum Model- Northeast View | Kohl and Watzinger 1916:Tafel VI

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