Capernaum

Kefar Nahum

 Jewish

Geographic Details

Lower Galilee

32.881028796465884     35.57548463344574     Open the map in a new window

More Geographic Info: www.latlong.net/c/?lat=32.881028796465884&long=35.57548463344574

Archaeological Evidences

Late Roman and/or Byzantnine

Heinrich Kohl and Carl Watzinger (1905), Gaudence Orfali (1921-1926), Virgil Corbo and Stanisalo Loffreda (1969-1974)

Synagogue built of limestone on top of Basalt stones. Many ornamental architectural features were uncovered, including a seven-branched candelabra and a wagon bearing a shrine. Dating of the structure is debated by scholars.

Aramaic (Naveh 1978: 30-31), Greek (Roth-Gerson 1987: 87-90)

Tourist site. Entrance Fee 10₪.

Selected Bibliography
  1. Magness, J. "The question of the synagogue : the problem of typology" in Judaism in Late Antiquity III; Where we Stand: issues and debates in Ancient Judaism. Vol. 4. The Special Problems of the Synagogue. ed. A.J. Avery-Peck and J. Neusner, Leiden, 2001: 1- 48.
  2. Arslan, E.A. "The L812 trench deposit inside the synagogue and the isolated finds of coins in Capernaum; Israel" Israel Numismatic Research 6, 2011: 147-162.
  3. Arubas, B.Y. and Talgam, R. "Christians and 'Minim': Who Really Built and Used the Synagogue at Capernaum - A Stirring Appraisal" in Knowledge And Wisdom Archaeological and Historical Essays in Honour of Leah Di Segni. ed. G.C Bottini; D. Churpcala and J. Patrich., Milano, 2014: 237-274.
  4. Avi-Yonah, M. "Some Comments on the Capernaum Excavations" in Ancient Synagogues Revealed. ed. L.I. Levine, Jerusalem, 1981: 60-62.
  5. Foerster, G. "Notes on Recent Excavations at Capernaum" in Ancient Synagogues Revealed. ed. L.I. Levine, Jerusalem, 1981: 57-59.
  6. Kohl, H. and Watzinger, C. Antike Synagogen in Galilaea. Leipzig, 1916: 4-40.
  7. Loffreda, S. "The Late Chronology of the Synagogue of Capernaum" in Ancient Synagogues Revealed. ed. L.I. Levine, Jerusalem, 1981: 52-56.
  8. Maoz, Z.U. "The Synagogue at Capernaum: a Radical Solution." in The Roman and Byzantine Near East; Vol. 2: Some Recent Archaeological Research. ed. J.H. Humphrey, Journal of Roman Archeology suppl. series no.12, Rhode Island, 1999: 139-148.
Photos, Plans and Links

General view looking north - Gilead Peli all rights reserved © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>
General view,  Gilead Peli all rights reserved © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>
Aerial photo, courtesy of Abraham Graicer all rights reserved to Abraham Graicer © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>
Aerial photo, courtesy of Abraham Graicer all rights reserved to Abraham Graicer  © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>
Aerial photo of the village , courtesy of Abraham Graicer all rights reserved to Abraham Graicer  © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>
Aerial photo of the village , courtesy of Abraham Graicer all rights reserved to Abraham Graicer © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>
Aerial photo, courtesy of Abraham Graicer all rights reserved to Abraham Graicer  © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>
Aerial photo, courtesy of Abraham Graicer all rights reserved to Abraham Graicer  © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>
Kohl and Watzinger 1916: 6 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>
Kohl and Watzinger 1916: 9 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>
Kohl and Watzinger 1916:10 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>
Kohl and Watzinger 1916:13 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>
Kohl and Watzinger 1916:13 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>
Kohl and Watzinger 1916:15 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>
Kohl and Watzinger 1916:15 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>
Kohl and Watzinger 1916:20 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>
Kohl and Watzinger 1916:20 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>
Kohl and Watzinger 1916:7 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>
Kohl and Watzinger 1916:15 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>
Kohl and Watzinger 1916:12 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>
Kohl and Watzinger 1916:9 © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>
Foerster 1971: 127. Courtesy of the Israel Exploration Society. © <i> synagogues.kinneret.ac.il </i>